Whence the term “liberal arts and sciences”?
The classical Latin term artes liberales denotes the “arts” that a free, “liberated” citizen needed to study and master in order to take meaningful part in life, civically and personally.
The linguistic root “ar-” means “to fit together,” and gave us army, alarm, harmony, order, adorn and rhyme. “Liberal” comes from “leudh-,” “to mount up, grow,” and gave us livery and deliver. Scientia, “to know,” comes ultimately from “skei-,” “to cut or split,” and gave us conscious, nice, esquire and schism.